James Wood Family Papers Collection, 173

SCOPE AND CONTENT: This collection contains the business papers of Col. James Wood, Sr. and some of his family. The papers are accounts, diaries, receipts and various memorabilia of the family for the period from 1736 to1868. Included are papers of the Frederick County, Virginia Clerk’s office for the period from 1743 to 1769. This is an item-level inventory prepared by Wilmer Kerns. (5 boxes) Last updated 09/12. DIGITIZED 03/07.

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL: Col. James Wood, Sr. (1707?-1759) was born, according to a grandson, in Winchester, Hampshire, England. He attended Oxford University, was a lieutenant in the Royal Navy, and came to Virginia with one of the colonial governors. Around 1735, he acquired a tract of land “on the branches of the Opequon” from which, in 1744, a large part of Winchester was formed in accordance with his stipulations to the Justices of Frederick County. He built the first “Glen Burnie” in 1738. He married Mary Rutherford in 1738 with whom he had children (1) Elizabeth (b. 1739), (2) James, Jr. (b. 1741), (3) Mary (b. 1742), (4) John (b. 1743-44), and (5) Robert (b. 1747). He was a Colonel in the Frederick County militia and served with his friend Col. George Washington in the 1754 campaign against the French. He is buried in the family graveyard at Glen Burnie.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Quarles, Garland R., Some Worthy Lives, Winchester, VA: Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, 1988, pgs. 250-4.

CITE AS: James Wood Family Papers, 173 WFCHS, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.

ORGANIZATION:

Note: This collection is available on microfilm (Boxes 1-3 on reel M-1972.1; Box 4 on Reel M-1972.1A) in the microfilm file cabinet. Microfilm may be photocopied; originals may not. Records on microfilm may be in different order from this inventory of documents. All items in this collection are manuscript unless otherwise noted. Microfilm is not available on interlibrary loan.

BOX 1

Account Book/Journal of Colonel James Wood Journal – Typescript

The journal of Colonel Wood is a transcription of the account book of Colonel Wood. This 33-leaf typescript contains valuable information for historians and genealogists. Wood's book contains a variety of records, including memoranda, minutes, accounts, court business, and miscellaneous information. Many early settlers are named. Also of interest are the monetary values, both English and Spanish.

Account Book/Journal of Colonel James Wood, 1748-1757

The original, leather-bound account book of Colonel James Wood contains 42 manuscript pages (84 leaves). The external measurements of the book are 10½ x 15¼ cm. The book is too fragile for reproduction. This account book/journal contains valuable information for historians and genealogists. Wood's book contains a variety of records, including memoranda, minutes, accounts, court business, and miscellaneous information. Many early settlers are named. Also of interest are the monetary values, both English and Spanish.

James Wood Account Book Enclosures

Four manuscript pages were found in the pouch of Colonel Wood’s account book (same as Journal). These rare and valuable pages add to our understanding of the history of Old Frederick County.

Item 1: Lewis Neill certified that Samuel Littler killed a wolf, May 14, 1748. (16 X 8 cm)

Item 2: Letter to the Vestry of Frederick Parish from the Reverends John Gordon and William Mildrum, dated January 22, 1757.   (23 X 38 cm)

 

Item 3: A list of 33 residents of Old Frederick County who applied for compensatory damage from the Colony of Virginia. Indians inflicted the damages during the French and Indian War. Colonel James Wood wrote this handwritten document, dated February 20, 1759, for submission to the General Assembly.  Monetary losses are listed for each of the 33 claimants. (19 X 31 cm)

Item 4: Colonel James Wood wrote this fragile, 1-page account.  It appears to have been an account of his travel expenses during a certain (undated) period. On one trip he "paid an Indian Pilot from Delaware Towns." He bought a bowl from an Indian chief, and bought trinkets from other Indians. Mention is made of Fort Pitt, the Sandusky (now in Ohio), Stafford, and Williamsburg. Wood was reimbursed for a bell stolen by Indians. Wood's travel expenses for this undated period amounted to 74 English pounds. (19½ x 15 cm)

Colonel James Wood’s Journal – Photocopies

All of the primary data in Box 1 of the James Wood Papers have been photocopied and placed in this folder. Those who want to photocopy pages from Colonel Wood's Journal or the associated pages in Box 1 should make copies from this file.

BOX 2

Accounts, Undated—James Wood, Sr.

Account

Goods and Services

Date

Size (cm)

Rutherford

Tailor

ca. 1740s

(9½ x 22)

John Duffield

Bedsteads, cradle, table

[Not stated]

(10½ x 19)

Mentions Capt. Green

[Not known]

[Not stated]

(15 x 19)

Frederick Haas

Small account

[Not stated]

(5½ x 20½)

[Not stated]

Beef, deer skins, etc.

[Not stated]

(11 x 19)

 

Accounts, 1730s—James Wood, Sr.

Account

Goods/Services

Date

Size (cm)

Thomas Anderson

Receipt for account

1736

(9 x 15)

William Cower

Sundry articles

1738

(15 x 19)

Timothy Holdway

Large account with many names (2 pages)

1736-1738

(16½ x 21½)

Brunswick County

Large account

1736-1745

(30 ½ x 18 ½)

[Thomas Shanlon]

Receipt for James Wood

1738

(9 ½ x 11)

Thomas Branson, Jr. *

Sulivant’s account

1739

(13 x 19 ½)

Tim Holdway

Receipt from James Wood

1739

(5 x 20)

Harmer and King

Various goods

1739-1740

(16½ x 19½)

James Rutledge

Payment to Gibbons Jennings

1739

(6 x 20)

John Sexton

Receipt

1739

(4 ½ x 16)

Jacob Stover

Re 3,000 acres

1739

(14 x 15 ½)

James Wood

Payment to John Gordon

1739

(10½ x 14½)

[Not stated]

Account

[Not stated]

(16 ½ x 20 ½)

*Account mentions Joust Hite, Isaac Purkins and Matthias Alford.

Surveys, 1735 - ca. 1750—James Wood, Sr.

This small collection of miscellaneous surveys includes an index to the survey book of James Wood, Sr. The Clerk of the County Court in Winchester maintained the original survey book.  It has been called various titles, including James Wood's Survey Book, Orange County Survey Book, 1735-1740, or just the plain title Survey Book. Occasionally the book is called the Bayliss Survey Book, because two surveys of the town of Winchester by John Bayliss are appended to Wood's surveys. The index is arranged alphabetically, whereas the survey book is chronological.  Unfortunately, the first 16 pages of the survey book were torn out to be presented as evidence during the Hite-Fairfax court suit. Therefore, the index is a very important document. Among the early surveys by Wood were the Bryan-Ross surveys in 1735.  The Wood surveys included a plat and a narrative description of the land.

Account

Goods/Services

Date

Size (cm)

William Anderson

Survey plat (90 acres)

ca 1735

(14¾ x 17)

James Wood

Index to Orange County Survey Book

1735-1740

(23 x 5)

Samuel Forgason

Survey plat

ca 1737

(9 x 15)

Alex Thompson

Survey plat (300 acres)

ca 1737

(10½ x 19¼)

James Wood

Survey notes (torn)

ca 1737

(10 x 24)

Col. James Patton

Surveys in

 

(15 x 21 ½)

 

Payments Made by James Wood, Sr., 1740-1744

Name

Goods/Services

Date

Size (cm)

Andrew Campbell

Credit by J. Wood

1740

(10 x 19)

Edward Glover

Payment by J. Wood

1740

(9 ½ x 19 ½)

John Grayham

Payment by Chas. McDowell

1740

(6 x 14 ½)

Robert Green

Note to John Hyte

1740

(6 ½ x 19)

John Harron

Payment by J. Wood

1740

(9 ½ x 12)

William Joliffe

Note to Robert Allen

1740

(8 ½ x 19 ½)

John Little

Payment by J. Wood

1740

(4 x 16)

John Robinson, Treasurer

Duty on liquors

1740

(8 ½ x 20)

John Smith

Re Joseph Evans

1740

(9 x 14 ½)

John Smith/Morgan Bryant

Payment by J. Wood

1740

(5 ½ x 15)

Thornton/Lee

Payment by J. Wood

1740

(5 ½ x 9)

Henry Wethebourne

Payment by J. Wood

1740

(6 ½ x 18)

John Blake

Payment by J. Wood

1741

(6 x 16)

Jonathan Gibson

Certain land rights

1741

(8 ½ x 19)

Wil Prentis

Orange quitrents

1741

(5 x 16)

R. Winslow

Payment by J. Wood

1741

(4 ½ x 14)

Taverner Beale

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(7 ½ x 18 ½)

Henry Downs

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(8 x 16 ½)

William Glover

Request for payment

1742

(9 ½ x 17 ½)

Charles Hart

Promissory Note

1742

(3 x 15 ½)

George Hobson

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(9 ½ x 14 ½)

George James

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(4 x 19)

William Keith

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(6 x 18)

Nicholas Mercer

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(6 x 14)

Nicholas Mercer

Payment for black horse

1742

(6 ½ x 18 ½)

John Rucker

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(5 x 16 ½)

Lewis Stevens

Paid 3 pistoles

1742

(10 x 15 ½)

[Thomas Wa?]

Payment by J. Wood

1742

(7 x 18)

George Carthy

Payment by J. Wood

1743

(5 x 21)

Richard Fosset

Payment by J. Wood

1743

(5 ½ x 18 ½)

Patrick Grymes

Payment by J. Wood

1743

(5 x 24 ¼)

John Hamlton

Payment by J. Wood

1743

(12 x 19)

Rannells

Payment by J. Wood

1743

(5 x 18 ½)

[Torn]

Payment by J. Wood

1743

(5 x 14)

James Carter

Payment by J. Wood

1744

(8 x 23 ½)

James Cathey

Payment to J. Wood

1744

(4 x 16)

Michael Ewney

Alice Aspinel-runaway

1744

(6 x 15)

Joseph Lupton

Payment by J. Wood

1744

(5 x 19 ¼)

William Pukett

Payment by J. Wood

1744

(10 x 21)

George Right

Payment by J. Wood

1744

(8 x 20)

Daniel Southerland

Payment by J. Wood

1744

(9 ½ x 15 ½)

 

Payments Made by James Wood, Sr., 1745-1749

Name

Goods/Services

Date

Size (cm)

Richard Fosset

Receipt

1745

(13 ¼ x 15 ¾)

Richard [H]

Receipt

1745

(5 x 16 ½)

Cuthbert Harrison

Bed and furniture

1745

(6 x 22 ½)

Steven Hotsonbolla *

Receipt

1745

(6 x 14)

Mary Malley

Freedom dues

1745

(12 x 18 ¼)

John Newland

For Morgan Terrance

1745

(10 x 22)

Jacob Niswanger *

Receipt

1745

(7 ¼ x 20 ½)

Thomas Stanten

Dispute with John Noel

1745

(9 ½ x 18)

Philip Babb

Receipt (torn)

1746

(7 ½ x 15 ½)

James Bruce

Receipt

1746

(9 ½ x 12)

Thomas Edwards

400 acres in Augusta County

1746

(4 ½ x 13)

John Hardin

Receipt

1746

(4 ½ x 16 ¼)

Dr. Daniel Hart

Salivation

1746

(7 x 8 ½)

F. Hite

Receipt

1746

(6 x 19)

George Hollingsworth

Receipt

1746

(7 ½ x 16 ½)

Morgan Terrance

Receipt

1746

(5 x 16 ½)

Mary Wilkinson

For nursing care

1746

(7 x 19)

William Wilson

Receipt

1746

(7 x 15)

Robert Ashby

Payment request

1747

(12 ½ x 15)

Andrew Campbell

Re: Joseph Lupton

1747

(6 x 13)

Rob Jackson

Receipt

1747

(7 ½ x 18 ½)

John Mills

Re: Edmond Smith

1747

(9 ½ x 24 ½)

Thomas Morgan

Promissory note

1747

(9 x 20 ½)

Henry Shipley

Promissory note

1747

(4 x 15)

Morgan Turrance

Receipt

1747

(5 x 12)

James Carter

Cradle shelvings

1747-1748

(6 ½ x 13 ½)

Archibald Campbell

Helmes note

1748

(14 ½ x 21 ½)

Roger Dyer

Land patent with John Patton

1748

(7 x 15 ½)

John Edwards

Receipt

1748

(10 ½ x 15)

John Frazer

Receipt

1748

(8 ½ x 16)

Reuben Paxson

Re: Connell Wood

1748

(8 ½ x 10)

Marquis Calmes

Re: Jacob Hite

1749

(9 x 15)

Mary Fulton

Nursing Mildred Hart

1749

(6 ¾ x 21)

Jacob Hite

600 acres-Rutherford

1749

(5 x 10 ¾)

Ben Howard

John Matthew’s survey

1749

(8 ½ x 18 ½)

Capt. Johnston

Message not intelligible

1749

(9 ½ x 20)

Hercules Ogle

Receipt

1749

(9 x 16 ½)

Duncan Ogullion

Request

1749

(10 x 13 ½)

Richard Winston

Note

1749

(6 x 15 ¼)

James Wood

55 ½ pounds of beef

1749

(5 ½ x 16)

 

Payments Made by James Wood, Sr., 1750-1756

Name

Goods/Services

Date

Size (cm)

Stephen Elmore

Blacksmith work

1750

(10 ½ x 14 ½)

William Elzey

One pistole

1750

(12 ½ x 18)

Mary Stevens

Freedom dues

1750

(5 x 20)

Captain Turner

Receipt

1750

(8 x 14)

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