Virginia Woolen Mill Company, 1119 WFCHS

SCOPE AND CONTENT: This extensive collection contains company records for mills that eventually became part of Virginia Woolen Mills, including Crawford, Dunn, Martinsburg Worsted and Cassimere, and Berkeley. Records for Varel, a finishing plant for Berkeley and Virginia built in 1946, are included. A major portion of the collection deals with labor negotiations and land acquisitions. Included is a portion of an 1883 map of Jefferson Co., WV farms. Newsletters, scrapbooks, blueprints, and photos are also part of this collection. The collection includes material used in the preparation of Weaving a Common Thread - A History of the Woolen Industry in the Top of the Shenandoah Valley, by Wilbur S. Johnston, published by the Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society, 1990, available in the Archives Reading Room, 975.5991 Joh. The buildings were located at 117-119 East Lane and were demolished in.1999. It is now the site of the Timbrook Safety Center.
(5 boxes) Last updated 12/15.

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL: Virginia Woolen Mill was in operation from 1900 to 1958. William H. Crawford established Crawford Woolen Company ca. 1891. He bought several mills in West Virginia. Virginia Woolen Mills, organized by William H. Crawford, began operations in Winchester in 1900. It merged with Berkeley Woolen Mills in 1948. Berkeley emerged after Crawford went bankrupt in 1912-1914. By 1912, Crawford had acquired Jobe, Martinsburg Worsted, and Cassimere, all managed by Thomas L. Dunn. When Crawford died in 1914, Dunn became the sole owner of Crawford Mills assets, and the stock remained in the Dunn family until the mill closed in 1953.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: Taken from the collection

CITE AS: Virginia Woolen Mill Company Records, 1119 WFCHS, Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.


BOX 1  Berkeley, Crawford, Dunn Woolen Companies

Berkeley Woolen:

Real Estate Deeds & Leases, 1942-1949

Berkeley Woolen Booklet, c. 1936

Charter amendments, stock, etc., 1914-1948

Correspondence, 1942-1944

Correspondence, 1945

Correspondence, 1946

Correspondence, 1947-1948

Correspondence, 1949

Financial records, 1942-1952

Group Insurance Plans

Insurances, 1941-1948

Labor contracts and correspondence, 1945-1947

Labor contracts and correspondence, 1948

Minutes, financial statements, 1944-1949

New plant, 1945

Real estate – correspondence, 1949-1952

Real estate-correspondence, 1953-1956

Real estate-deeds and leases, 1942-1949

Real estate-leases and court cases, 1949-1955

Unemployment compensation, 1948-1949

Crawford Woolen:

Waybills, 1899

Dunn Woolen:

Contracts and correspondence, 1916-1949

Dunn Family obituaries

Dunn News – company newsletter, May 1943-January 1947

Pamphlet – Modern Salt Brine Usage, 1946

Poem-“Three Score and Ten” to T. L. Dunn, 1924

BOX 2  Varel Mills, Virginia Woolen Company

Varel Mills:

Articles of incorporation, corporate and stock papers

Building, road, water, 1946-1948

Deeds-Riparian rights, 1946

Deeds/Riparian rights/Turkey Run tracts, 1947-1949

Deeds/Riparian rights, 1950-1956

Miscellaneous, 1948-1955

Taxes, 1947-1958

Virginia Woolen Company:

Acquisition of Berkeley and stock transfers, 1947-1949

Anniversary booklet, c. 1936

Anniversary program, 1900-1950

Bylaws, minutes, stockholders, 1946-1956

Christmas program, 1917

Deeds, correspondence, 1924-1953

General - November 1940 to December 31, 1950

General - January 1, 1951 to December 31, 1955

General - January 1, 1956 to May 6, 1958

Labor Agreements – 1944, 1947, 1954, 1956

Labor arbitration, 1948

Labor arbitration, 1954-1956

Labor contract correspondence, 1947-1948

Labor contract correspondence, 1949-1951

Labor contract negotiation papers, 1946-1951

Labor – miscellaneous

Pension plan

Sale to Lee Industries, 1956-1958

Sjostrom, Ludwig - salary dispute and article

Stock sales and correspondence

Taxes, 1942-1951

BOX 3 Virginia Woolen Company

News articles—Virginia Woolen Mill, printed (photocopy), unnumbered

Agreement Between Virginia Woolen Company and United Textile Workers of America, 1944, 1946, 4 items, printed

By-laws – February 6, 1952

Manual for Advanced Course in Cost, budgetary and Profit Control

Reports (profit, loss, actual costs, standard cost control) December 31, 1946-January 1, 1950

Shipping office manual

Spinning Efficiency and Woolen Production Process

Standard cost control system

Tax computations, inventory of pricing, profit control and job cost

The Virginia All-Wool – employee newsletter, 17 items, printed
1941- December
1942-January, February (2 copies), March (2 copies), April (2 copies),
May through December

The Virginia All-Wool – employee newsletter 1943-44, 18 items

The Virginia All-Wool – employee newsletter 1945-47, 18 items

Virginia Woolen Company—50th Anniversary: August 5, 1950; 1 leaf, printed


BOX 4 Scrapbook and Christmas Greetings to H. B. McCormac

Scrapbooks, 1925-1950, 3 items

Berkeley Woolen Mill – Employee Christmas greetings to H. B. McCormac (Virginia Woolen Company employees) 1936. 1 item, leather-bound

Virginia Woolen Mill -- Employee Christmas greetings to H. B. McCormac (Berkeley Woolen Company employees), 1936, 1 item, leather-bound

BOX 5 Virginia Woolen Company

Minute book, August 1, 1900 to July 1, 1924, 1 item, manuscript/typescript, bound, fragile

BOX 6 Published Catalogs

  1. M. Byers, Wrought Iron for Radiant Heating, No date, 5 pages

Allan T. Shepherd Company, the Armstrong Steam Trap Book, 1951, 44 pages

American Power Transmission, The American Pulley Company, no date, unnumbered

The Anchor Packing co., Mechanical Packing for Every Purpose, no date, unnumbered

Approved Equipment for industrial Fire Protection, Associated Factory Mutual fire Insurance Companies, 1955, 180 pages

Approved Equipment for Fire Protection, Associated Factory Mutual Fire Insurance Companies, 1958. 184 pages

Detroit Steel Products Company, Fenestra Industrial Steel Windows, No date, 7 pages

Illinois Engineering Co., Illinois Selective Pressure Control, Heating System Specialties, Steam Specialties, 1948, unnumbered

Insul-Mastic Corporation of America, Insul-Mastic in Industry, 1952, 44 pages

Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Co., Control Buying Data, 1943, unnumbered

BOX 7 Sales Offerings/Warehouse Information

Sales Offering: (includes the following)
Correspondence from R. J. Turner to Guy Martin, April 11, 1989
Maps-4 leaves-printed
Advertisement, Potomac Edison, n.d., 1 page
Document, sales offering, The Woolen Mill of Winchester, n.d. unnumbered
Article: “Winchester Woolen Mills, “ n.d. 2 leaves

Contract of sale: (includes the following)
Correspondence regarding real estate sale
Contract of sale documents
Letters of intent
Spreadsheet with fiscal information about Winchester Woolen Mills
Spreadsheets with tax information about Winchester Woolen Mills

Tenant Prospects: (includes the following)
General Correspondence Regarding Proposal of Property
Proposal From Douglas Legge to R. J. Turner, May 3, 1998
Articles regarding prospective tenants, flyers, brochures
Sector Notebook, Textile Industry, Standard Industrial classifications
Map n t., n.d. showing street of Winchester

Preservation Plan: (includes the following)
Agenda – Advisory Committee Meeting, November 24, 1998
Preliminary Draft from Strategic Land Planning, Inc.
Issues that should be addressed – 15 top issues-Third Winchester Battlefield Preservation Plan, October 27, 1998. 2 leaves
Brochure: “Kernstown Battlefield Endangered“
Brochure: “Vision Valley Conservation Council“
Article: “PHW to City of Winchester Offer of $200,000, “ n.d. 2 leaves
Assessment, documentation, 12 leaves
24 Articles/Newsclippings
Booklet: Business Week Architect
Article: “Little Plant on the Prairie, “ November2, 1998
Article: “Condo Spec, Forbes, Palmeri, Christopher, “ June 16, 1997, 2 pages
Article: “Finding an Unusual Location could Perk up a Small Business, “ Los Angeles Times, Applegate, Jane, 1 page
Article: “Planners Endorse Zoning Additions, “ The Winchester Star, March 20, 1991, printed
Article: “A New Look for the Old Medical Center, “ The Winchester Star, Lazazzera, Teresa, March 20, 1991, 1 page
Article: “Partnership-From Bicycles to Buildings, “ The Winchester Star, Skinner, Tina, March 23, 1991, 1 page
Article: “Coded Message Spooking the Spooks, “ Washington (AP) April 4, 1991, 1 page
Brochure: “Allen Engineering, “ n.d., 1 page, printed
Article; Woolen Mill Called Thread to Revitalization, The Winchester Star, Hutchison, Grant, December 8, 1995.  2 leaved printed



Portion of map of Jefferson County WV, by S. Howell Brown, 1883, from actual survey

Berkeley Woolen Company, Martinsburg WV architectural rendering of plant, November 1, 1942, 1 leaf

Virginia Woolen Company, Winchester VA architectural rendering of main plant, July 21, 1952, 1 leaf (never constructed)

Industrial waste treatment works-Virginia Woolen Company, Winchester, VA,
Albright & Friel, Philadelphia, March 10, 1944 and September 11, 1945
1 item, 11 leaves
Industrial waste treatment works – Middleway, WV, Albright & Friel, Philadelphia, November 23, 1946 and March 10, 1947, 2 items, 14 leaves
(constructed 1947-1948 0 Varel Mill)
Details, no date, H.K. Gatley, consulting Engineer, Maplewood, NJ, 1 leaf

Framed Storage

Survey—Main Plant—Virginia Woolen Mill surveyed July 21, 1952 by R.F. Parker—on verso—
”Varal Plant”—Middleway, WV, Feb. 26, 1953 by G. Billings