Improved Order of Red Men

Stewart Bell Jr. Archives Room
Handley Regional Library / Winchester-Frederick County Historical Society

Improved Order of Red Men, 420 THL/WFCHS

Scope and Content: Most of the collection is manuscript on printed forms and manuscript.
(2 boxes) Last updated 06/06.

Biographical/Historical: The fraternity was founded in 1765, originally the Sons of Liberty, a group of patriots who concealed their identities and worked underground for freedom. They participated in the Boston Tea Party. The organization was patterned after the Iroquois Indian Nation. The name changed to Improved Order of Red Men after the Revolution in 1813.

Shawnee Tribe No. 2 of Winchester, Virginia, was established at least by 1848 as the collection includes By Laws for that year. Rosters, treasurers’ reports and minutes for the tribe cover years from 1904 to 1921. Also included in this collection are papers from the Great Council of Virginia, other Virginia, Oregon, and Iowa tribes.

Bibliography: T

Cite As: [Collection name and accession number] Stewart Bell Jr. Archives, Handley Regional Library, Winchester, VA, USA.


Box 1

Great Council of Virginia - papers, 36 leaves, manuscript

Committee on Judiciary - decisions, 10 leaves, manuscript

Laws, 2 items, printed "General Laws for Tribes in Virginia," 1908
By-laws of Shawnee Tribe No. 2, 1848, includes rituals and terminology

Address of R. T. Barton to the Shawnee Tribe No. 2, 1871, 1 item, printed

Shawnee Tribe No. 2 - papers, 1905-1929, 56 items, 28 leaves, manuscript; 9 leaves, typescript; 8 printed forms; 11 unused envelopes

Other Councils and Tribes, 1875-1906, 45 items, 1 booklet, 46 pages, printed; 44 leaves, manuscript; 1 leaf, 1 envelope, typescript; 1 leaf, manuscript on printed form

Newspaper articles

Box 2

Prepared roster, rolls, and minutes book - Shawnee Tribe No. 2, 1904-1908, includes committee reports and rituals, 1 item, manuscript on printed forms

Minutes, treasurer's reports, rosters - Shawnee Tribe No. 2, 1904-1921, 1 item, 103 pages, manuscript

Roster and dues records - Shawnee Tribe No. 2, 1908-1913, 1 item, 202 pages, manuscript on printed forms